The word “trauma” describes an experience that is distressing enough to overwhelm the involved person’s ability to cope. These are often situations in which the individual feels severely threatened, physically or emotionally. Traumatic experiences can range significantly – anything from a minor car accident to being exposed to warfare can cause trauma.
Possible Reactions to Trauma
This is a list of possible reactions to trauma, but it is very important to remember that people can respond to trauma in different ways. Someone might respond to trauma in a way that is not on this list, or someone might genuinely not have much of a reaction to an event that would be traumatizing to other individuals.
Loss of control/powerlessness
Sexual fears or problems
Avoiding normal daily activities such as work or school
Increasing use of alcohol/drugs
Refusing to talk about what happened or talking a lot about the event
Denying that the event happened
Acting like the event was no big deal